Treatment for breast cancer varies according to the type and extent of each patient’s malignancy, as well as the patient’s health care preferences. Because no two cases of breast cancer are identical, Moffitt Cancer Center’s multispecialty breast cancer team collaborates to design individualized treatment plans for each of our patients. These treatment plans are developed by our tumor board, comprised of experienced radiation oncologists, surgeons, medical oncologists, pathologists and other experts, all of whom specialize in treating breast cancer.
Treatment plans most often involve one or more of the following:
- Surgery – The most common treatment for breast cancer, surgery is used to remove tumors, surrounding breast tissue and affected lymph nodes. Lumpectomies and mastectomies are most often performed, but in select cases, minimally invasive, nipple-sparing surgeries may be recommended.
- Radiation therapy – This form of treatment uses high-energy rays to eliminate breast cancer cells. It may be administered to the entire breast or a small section of the breast. In other cases, advanced INTRABEAM® intraoperative radiotherapy may be used during surgery to treat the area immediately surrounding a cancerous growth.
- Chemotherapy – Chemo involves using medications that are taken orally, intravenously or delivered directly to the tumor site to destroy cancerous cells. It is often administered in several multisession cycles.
- Targeted therapy – This form of treatment involves the administration of targeted drugs that are recommended for patients with specific genes, such as the HER2/neu protein.
- Hormone/endocrine therapy – Hormone therapies are used to inhibit the body’s ability to produce estrogen and progesterone, which feed many types of breast cancer cells.
In addition to offering proven treatment methods, Moffitt spearheads robust clinical trials to discover innovative new ways to treat breast cancer. Our commitment to research and leading-edge treatment is evidenced by our status as a National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center – the only such center based in Florida.