Kidney Cancer Treatment Information

Kidney cancer (or renal cell cancer) is a broad category of cancers in which malignant (cancerous) cells form within a kidney, usually in the lining of small tubes within the organ. While the condition affects both men and women and can occur at any age, kidney cancer tends to be seen more frequently in men who are 45 and older.  There are two kidneys in the human body, located just above the waist on either side of the spine. Within each kidney are tiny tubes that function to filter waste products from the blood and produce urine. Malignant tumors that form within these tubes are known as renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and account for approximately 90 percent of all kidney cancer diagnoses. 

Our approach to kidney cancer treatment

Moffitt Cancer Center has distinguished itself as one of the nation’s premier cancer treatment facilities, and is the only facility based in Florida that has been named a Comprehensive Cancer Center by the National Cancer Institute. This prestigious designation recognizes our commitment to performing extensive research and conducting a robust clinical trial program, which allows us to offer kidney cancer treatments that are unavailable anywhere else.

At Moffitt Cancer Center, our multispecialty kidney cancer team includes:

  • Board-certified physicians
  • Nurses
  • Researchers
  • Radiologists
  • Radiation oncologists
  • Surgeons
  • Other medical professionals

These specialists work closely together in our Urologic Oncology Program to provide outstanding patient care. For instance, we hold weekly collaborative tumor board discussions to assess each patient’s case and determine the best course of action to help the patient achieve the most active, enjoyable life possible. Our individualized treatment plans aim to minimize potential side effects, and if surgery is necessary, we use the most effective techniques and technologies available.

Treatment options for kidney cancer

Every patient at Moffitt receives an individualized treatment plan, tailored to his or her unique preferences and needs. A patient’s treatment plan may include any combination of the following:

  • Surgery – A surgeon may remove part or all of a kidney, as well as surrounding tissue, the adrenal gland and/or nearby lymph nodes.
  • Radiation therapy – High-energy radiation beams are used to destroy cancerous cells.
  • Chemotherapy – Anti-cancer drugs are delivered to the bloodstream.
  • Immunotherapy – The patient’s immune system is assisted by man-made antibodies or genetically modified substances to help it attack the cancerous cells.
  • Molecularly targeted therapy – This treatment uses medication and other substances to attack specific kidney cancer cells.

To learn more about kidney cancer and your treatment options, contact Moffitt Cancer Center at 1-888-663-3488, or use our online new patient registration form to schedule a visit. You do not need a referral to meet with our kidney cancer team. Some screening options may be available for high-risk patients.