Colon Cancer Treatment Information

Colon cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the United States. Oftentimes, colon cancers and rectal cancers are combined into a single group of diseases, which are collectively known as colorectal cancers. However, cancers of the colon (the first four to five feet of the large intestine) develop, spread and respond to treatment much differently than cancers of the rectum. The oncologists at Moffitt Cancer Center understand these complexities in great detail and take a number of individualized factors like these into consideration when designing a patient’s treatment plan.

Colon cancer can develop in several different types of cells within the large intestine. The condition subtype is designated by the cell type in which it originates. The main forms of colon cancer include:

  • Adenocarcinomas, which develop in the colon’s mucus-producing glands
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors, or GISTs, which develop in the interstitial cells of Cajal that line the colon’s interior walls
  • Carcinoid tumors, which develop in the hormone-producing cells in the large intestine
  • Lymphomas, which develop in the immune system cells
  • Sarcomas, which develop in the muscles, connective tissues and blood vessels of the colon

Each type of colon cancer has its own unique characteristics. As a result, it’s important for an oncologist to determine not only the stage and the location of a cancer, but also its cellular makeup before creating a treatment plan.

Our Approach

At Moffitt Cancer Center, we have experience in treating all forms of colon cancer. Our team consists of many highly trained specialists, including pathologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgeons and supportive care providers – all of whom exclusively treat patients with gastrointestinal malignancies.

Moffitt’s Gastrointestinal Oncology Program makes it possible for patients to meet with our experts in a single, convenient location, with or without referrals. Here, patients can access some of the latest developments in treatment, including laparoscopic surgery, microsurgery, chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy, chemoembolization, vaccine therapy, brachytherapy and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Our patients can also participate in cutting-edge clinical trials through which they can receive novel therapies under the supervision of a skilled oncology team before those therapies are widely available in other settings.

To learn more about our approach to treating colon cancer, call Moffitt Cancer Center at 1-888-MOFFITT or fill out our new patient registration form.