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Ken Shain, MD, PhD

Specialty: Medical Oncology
Program: Malignant Hematology

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(1-888-663-3488)


Locations: Moffitt Cancer Center
Overview

Cancer Focus: Multiple Myeloma-Plasma Cell Tumor

Dr. Kenneth Shain is an associate member in the Malignant Hematology program in the Department of Malignant Hematology, Tumor Biology, and the Chemical Biology and Molecular Medicine Program.  Dr. Shain has also been appointed as an Assistant Professor at the University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine in the Department of Oncologic Sciences.  Dr. Shain is a clinician scientist with time divided by clinic, clinic trials and translational research with a primary focus in multiple myeloma and other plasma cell relation disorders (including Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia and Primary Amyloidosis).  Dr. Shain continues supporting his career goals to carry-out bench to bedside care and research for myeloma patients as well as the education of physicians and scientist of tomorrow.

Education & Training

Board Certification:

  • Medical Oncology
  • Internal Medicine

Fellowship:

  • University of South Florida College of Medicine, Moffitt Cancer Center - Hematology/Oncology

Residency:

  • University of South Florida College of Medicine - Internal Medicine

Medical School:

  • University of South Florida College of Medicine(MD, - MD)
Awards
Start Year: 2001 End Year: 2001 Graduate Council Outstanding Dissertation Prize, Sponsor: University of South Florida
Start Year: 2009 End Year: 2009 Fellowship Research Symposium Award for Outstanding Oral Presentation, Sponsor: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center
Start Year: 2009 End Year: 2009 Future Leaders in Hematology Award for Clinical Research in Hematology, Sponsor: Celgene
Start Year: 2010 End Year: 2010 Fellowship Research Symposium Award for Outstanding Poster Presentation, Sponsor: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center
Start Year: 2010 End Year: 2010 Research Training Award for Fellows Finalist , Sponsor: American Society of Hematology
Start Year: 2011 End Year: 2011 Miles for Moffitt Milestones Award , Sponsor: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center
Participating Trials

If you believe you are eligible for one of these trials or studies, please call
813-745-6100 or toll-free 1-800-679-0775.

Publications

  • Mason MJ, Schinke C, Eng CLP, Towfic F, Gruber F, Dervan A, White BS, Pratapa A, Guan Y, Chen H, Cui Y, Li B, Yu T, Chaibub Neto E, Mavrommatis K, Ortiz M, Lyzogubov V, Bisht K, Dai HY, Schmitz F, Flynt E, Dan Rozelle, Danziger SA, Ratushny A, Dalton WS, Goldschmidt H, Avet-Loiseau H, Samur M, Hayete B, Sonneveld P, Shain KH, Munshi N, Auclair D, Hose D, Morgan G, Trotter M, Bassett D, Goke J, Walker BA, Thakurta A, Guinney J. Multiple Myeloma DREAM Challenge reveals epigenetic regulator PHF19 as marker of aggressive disease. Leukemia. 2020 Feb. Pubmedid: 32060406.
  • Sudalagunta P, Silva MC, Canevarolo RR, Alugubelli RR, DeAvila G, Tungesvik A, Perez L, Gatenby R, Gillies R, Baz R, Meads MB, Shain KH, Silva AS. A pharmacodynamic model of clinical synergy in multiple myeloma. EBioMedicine. 2020 Apr.54:102716. Pubmedid: 32268267. Pmcid: PMC7136599.
  • Voorhees PM, Kaufman JL, Laubach JP, Sborov DW, Reeves B, Rodriguez C, Chari A, Silbermann R, Costa LJ, Anderson LD, Nathwani N, Shah N, Efebera YA, Holstein SA, Costello C, Jakubowiak A, Wildes T, Orlowski RZ, Shain KH, Cowan AJ, Murphy SP, Lutska Y, Pei H, Ukropec J, Vermeulen J, de Boer C, Hoehn D, Lin T, Richardson PG. Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, Bortezomib, & Dexamethasone for Transplant-eligible Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma: GRIFFIN. Blood. 2020 Apr. Pubmedid: 32325490.
  • Ghobrial IM, Liu CJ, Zavidij O, Azab AK, Baz R, Laubach JP, Mishima Y, Armand P, Munshi NC, Basile F, Constantine M, Vredenburgh J, Boruchov A, Crilley P, Henrick PM, Hornburg KTV, Leblebjian H, Chuma S, Reyes K, Noonan K, Warren D, Schlossman R, Paba-Prada C, Anderson KC, Weller E, Trippa L, Shain K, Richardson PG. Phase I/II trial of the CXCR4 inhibitor plerixafor in combination with bortezomib as a chemosensitization strategy in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. Am J Hematol. 2019 Nov.94(11):1244-1253. Pubmedid: 31456261.
  • Zhao X, Ren Y, Lawlor M, Shah BD, Park PMC, Lwin T, Wang X, Liu K, Wang M, Gao J, Li T, Xu M, Silva AS, Lee K, Zhang T, Koomen JM, Jiang H, Sudalagunta PR, Meads MB, Cheng F, Bi C, Fu K, Fan H, Dalton WS, Moscinski LC, Shain KH, Sotomayor EM, Wang GG, Gray NS, Cleveland JL, Qi J, Tao J. BCL2 Amplicon Loss and Transcriptional Remodeling Drives ABT-199 Resistance in B Cell Lymphoma Models. Cancer Cell. 2019 May.35(5):752-766.e9. Pubmedid: 31085176. Pmcid: PMC6945775.
  • Koomen DC, Guingab-Cagmat JD, Oliveira PS, Fang B, Liu M, Welsh EA, Meads MB, Nguyen T, Meke L, Eschrich SA, Shain KH, Garrett TJ, Koomen JM. Proteometabolomics of Melphalan Resistance in Multiple Myeloma. Methods Mol Biol. 2019 May.1996:273-296. Pubmedid: 31127562.
  • Baz R, Naqvi SMH, Lee JH, Brayer J, Hillgruber N, Fridley BL, Shain KH, Sullivan DM, Alsina M. Lenalidomide-based response-adapted therapy for older adults without high risk myeloma. Brit J Haematol. 2019 Mar.184(5):735-743. Pubmedid: 30548250.
  • Laubach JP, Liu CJ, Raje NS, Yee AJ, Armand P, Schlossman RL, Rosenblatt J, Hedlund J, Martin MG, Reynolds CH, Shain K, Zackon I, Stampleman L, Henrick P, Rivotto BJ, Hornburg K, Dumke H, Chuma S, Savell A, Handisides D, Kroll S, Anderson KC, Richardson PG, Ghobrial IM. A Phase I/II Study of Evofosfamide, A Hypoxia-activated Prodrug with or without Bortezomib in Subjects with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma. Clin Cancer Res. 2019 Jan.25(2):478-486. Pubmedid: 30279233. Pmcid: PMC6335171.
  • Castillo JJ, Itchaki G, Paludo J, Varettoni M, Buske C, Eyre TA, Chavez JC, Shain KH, Issa S, Palomba ML, Pasvolsky O, Simpson D, Talaulikar D, Tam CS, Tedeschi A, Ansell SM, Nayak L, Treon SP. Ibrutinib for the treatment of Bing-Neel syndrome: a multicenter study. Blood. 2019 Jan;133(4):299-305. Pubmedid: 30523119.
  • Hari P, Paba-Prada CE, Voorhees PM, Frye J, Chang YL, Moreau P, Zonder J, Boccia R, Shain KH. Efficacy and safety results from a phase 1b/2, multicenter, open-label study of oprozomib and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma. Leuk Res. 2019 Aug.83:106172. Pubmedid: 31229804. Pmcid: PMC6871647.
  • Hari P, Matous JV, Voorhees PM, Shain KH, Obreja M, Frye J, Fujii H, Jakubowiak AJ, Rossi D, Sonneveld P. Oprozomib in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Blood Cancer J. 2019 Aug.9(9):66. Pubmedid: 31420532. Pmcid: PMC6697695.
  • Shah B, Zhao X, Silva AS, Shain KH, Tao J. Resistance to Ibrutinib in B Cell Malignancies: One Size Does Not Fit All. Trends Cancer. 2018 Mar;4(3):197-206. Pubmedid: 29506670.
  • Fradley MG, Groarke JD, Laubach J, Alsina M, Lenihan DJ, Cornell RF, Maglio M, Shain KH, Richardson PG, Moslehi J. Recurrent cardiotoxicity potentiated by the interaction of proteasome inhibitor and immunomodulatory therapy for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Brit J Haematol. 2018 Jan;180(2):271-275. Pubmedid: 29048105.
  • Ren Y, Bi C, Zhao X, Lwin T, Wang C, Yuan J, Silva AS, Shah BD, Fang B, Li T, Koomen JM, Jiang H, Chavez JC, Pham L, Sudalagunta PR, Wan L, Wang X, Dalton WS, Moscinski LC, Shain KH, Vose J, Cleveland JL, Sotomayor EM, Fu K, Tao J. PLK1 stabilizes a MYC-dependent kinase network in aggressive B cell lymphomas. J Clin Invest. 2018 Dec;128(12):5517-5530. Pubmedid: 30260324. Pmcid: PMC6264635.
  • Rollison DE, Komrokji R, Lee JH, Hampras S, Fulp W, Fisher K, Baz R, Nishihori T, Xu Q, Olesnyckyj M, Kenvin L, Knight R, Sullivan D, Alsina M, Dalton W, Shain KH. Subsequent primary malignancies among multiple myeloma patients treated with or without lenalidomide. Leuk Lymphoma. 2017 Mar;58(3):560-568. Pubmedid: 27424609.
  • Silva AS, Silva MC, Sudalagunta P, Distler AI, Jacobson T, Collins A, Nguyen T, Song J, Chen DT, Chen L, Cubitt CL, Baz R, Perez L, Rebatchouk D, Dalton W, Greene J, Gatenby RA, Gillies RJ, Sontag E, Meads MB, Shain K. An Platform for the Prediction of Clinical Response in Multiple Myeloma. Cancer Res. 2017 Jun;77(12):3336-3351. Pubmedid: 28400475.
  • Gillis NK, Ball M, Zhang Q, Ma Z, Zhao Y, Yoder SJ, Balasis ME, Mesa TE, Sallman DA, Lancet JE, Komrokji RS, List AF, McLeod HL, Alsina M, Baz R, Shain KH, Rollison DE, Padron E. Clonal haemopoiesis and therapy-related myeloid malignancies in elderly patients: a proof-of-concept, case-control study. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Jan;18(1):112-121. Pubmedid: 27927582.
  • Nishihori T, Shain K. Insights on Genomic and Molecular Alterations in Multiple Myeloma and Their Incorporation towards Risk-Adapted Treatment Strategy: Concise Clinical Review. Int J Genomics. 2017 Dec.2017:6934183. Pubmedid: 29250532. Pmcid: PMC5698810.
  • Zhao X, Lwin T, Silva A, Shah B, Tao J, Fang B, Zhang L, Fu K, Bi C, Li J, Jiang H, Meads MB, Jacobson T, Silva M, Distler A, Darville L, Zhang L, Han Y, Rebatchouk D, Di Liberto M, Moscinski LC, Koomen JM, Dalton WS, Shain KH, Wang M, Sotomayor E, Tao J. Unification of de novo and acquired ibrutinib resistance in mantle cell lymphoma. Nat Commun. 2017 Apr;8:14920. Pubmedid: 28416797. Pmcid: PMC5399304.
  • Turner JG, Kashyap T, Dawson JL, Gomez J, Bauer AA, Grant S, Dai Y, Shain KH, Meads M, Landesman Y, Sullivan DM. XPO1 inhibitor combination therapy with bortezomib or carfilzomib induces nuclear localization of IκBα and overcomes acquired proteasome inhibitor resistance in human multiple myeloma. Oncotarget. 2016 Nov;7(48):78896-78909. Pubmedid: 27806331. Pmcid: PMC5340237.
  • Meads MB, Fang B, Mathews L, Gemmer J, Nong L, Rosado-Lopez I, Nguyen T, Ring JE, Matsui W, MacLeod AR, Pachter JA, Hazlehurst LA, Koomen JM, Shain KH. Targeting PYK2 mediates microenvironment-specific cell death in multiple myeloma. Oncogene. 2016 May;35(21):2723-2734. Pubmedid: 26387544. Pmcid: PMC4801703.
  • Baz RC, Martin TG, Lin HY, Zhao X, Shain KH, Cho HJ, Wolf JL, Mahindra A, Chari A, Sullivan DM, Nardelli LA, Lau K, Alsina M, Jagannath S. Randomized multicenter phase 2 study of pomalidomide, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone in relapsed refractory myeloma. Blood. 2016 May;127(21):2561-2568. Pubmedid: 26932802.
  • Rollison DE, Shain KH, Lee JH, Hampras SS, Fulp W, Fisher K, Al Ali NH, Padron E, Lancet J, Xu Q, Olesnyckyj M, Kenvin L, Knight R, Dalton W, List A, Komrokji RS. Subsequent primary malignancies and acute myelogenous leukemia transformation among myelodysplastic syndrome patients treated with or without lenalidomide. Cancer Med. 2016 Jul.5(7):1694-1701. Pubmedid: 27098006. Pmcid: PMC4944897.
  • Turner JG, Dawson JL, Grant S, Shain KH, Dalton WS, Dai Y, Meads M, Baz R, Kauffman M, Shacham S, Sullivan DM. Treatment of acquired drug resistance in multiple myeloma by combination therapy with XPO1 and topoisomerase II inhibitors. J Hematol Oncol. 2016 Aug;9(1):73. Pubmedid: 27557643. Pmcid: PMC4997728.
  • Nishihori T, Song J, Shain KH. Minimal Residual Disease Assessment in the Context of Multiple Myeloma Treatment. Curr Hematol Malig Rep. 2016 Apr;11(2):118-126. Pubmedid: 26898557. Pmcid: PMC4819726.
  • Shain KH, Dalton WS, Tao J. The tumor microenvironment shapes hallmarks of mature B-cell malignancies. Oncogene. 2015 Sep;34(36):4673-4682. Pubmedid: 25639873. Pmcid: PMC4688902.
  • Griffin PT, Ho VQ, Fulp W, Nishihori T, Shain KH, Alsina M, Baz RC. A comparison of salvage infusional chemotherapy regimens for recurrent/refractory multiple myeloma. Cancer. 2015 Oct;121(20):3622-3630. Pubmedid: 26149422.
  • Nishihori T, Baz R, Shain K, Kim J, Ochoa-Bayona JL, Yue B, Sullivan D, Dalton W, Alsina M. An open-label phase I/II study of cyclophosphamide, bortezomib, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, and dexamethasone in newly diagnosed myeloma. Eur J Haematol. 2015 Nov;95(5):426-435. Pubmedid: 25600676. Pmcid: PMC4508238.
  • Fang B, Hoffman MA, Mirza AS, Mishall KM, Li J, Peterman SM, Smalley KS, Shain KH, Weinberger PM, Wu J, Rix U, Haura EB, Koomen JM. Evaluating kinase ATP uptake and tyrosine phosphorylation using multiplexed quantification of chemically labeled and post-translationally modified peptides. Methods. 2015 Jun;81:41-49. Pubmedid: 25782629. Pmcid: PMC4460980.
  • Silva A, Jacobson T, Meads M, Distler A, Shain K. An Organotypic High Throughput System for Characterization of Drug Sensitivity of Primary Multiple Myeloma Cells. J Vis Exp. 2015 Jul;(101):e53070. Pubmedid: 26274375. Pmcid: PMC4544963.
  • Nishihori T, Komrokji R, Shain K, Anasetti C. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for concurrent multiple myeloma and myelodysplastic syndrome. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2015 Feb;50(2):296-297. Pubmedid: 25330222.
  • Nishihori T, Hassoun Y, Zhang L, Shain K, Alsina M, Kharfan-Dabaja MA. High-dose melphalan produces favorable response in a patient with multiple myeloma and coexisting essential thrombocythemia with JAK2 mutation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2014 Jan;49(1):148-149. Pubmedid: 23933759.
  • Baz RC, Shain KH, Hussein MA, Lee JH, Sullivan DM, Finleyoliver E, Nardelli LA, Nodzon LA, Zhao X, Ochoa-Bayona JL, Nishihori T, Dalton WS, Alsina M. Phase II study of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, low-dose dexamethasone, and lenalidomide in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Am J Hematol. 2014 Jan;89(1):62-67. Pubmedid: 24030918. Pmcid: PMC4522918.
  • Khin ZP, Ribeiro ML, Jacobson T, Hazlehurst L, Perez L, Baz R, Shain K, Silva AS. A preclinical assay for chemosensitivity in multiple myeloma. Cancer Res. 2014 Jan;74(1):56-67. Pubmedid: 24310398. Pmcid: PMC3915502.
  • Shain KH, Tao J. The B-cell receptor orchestrates environment-mediated lymphoma survival and drug resistance in B-cell malignancies. Oncogene. 2014 Aug;33(32):4107-4113. Pubmedid: 24037527. Pmcid: PMC4669099.
  • Nishihori T, Ochoa-Bayona JL, Kim J, Pidala J, Shain K, Baz R, Sullivan D, Jim HS, Anasetti C, Alsina M. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for consolidation of VGPR or CR for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2013 Sep;48(9):1179-1184. Pubmedid: 23542223. Pmcid: PMC4500071.
  • Baz R, Miladinovic B, Patel A, Ho VQ, Shain KH, Alsina M, Nishihori T, Ochoa-Bayona JL, Sullivan DM, Dalton WS, Djulbegovic B. Sequence of novel agents in multiple myeloma: an instrumental variable analysis. Leuk Res. 2013 Sep;37(9):1077-1082. Pubmedid: 23809054.
  • Boucher K, Parquet N, Widen R, Shain K, Baz R, Alsina M, Koomen J, Anasetti C, Dalton W, Perez LE. Stemness of B-cell progenitors in multiple myeloma bone marrow. Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Nov;18(22):6155-6168. Pubmedid: 22988056. Pmcid: PMC3500436.
  • Sugimori C, Padron E, Caceres G, Shain K, Sokol L, Zhang L, Tiu R, O'Keefe CL, Afable M, Clemente M, Lee JM, Maciejewski JP, List AF, Epling-Burnette PK, Araten DJ. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria and concurrent JAK2(V617F) mutation. Blood Cancer J. 2012 Mar;2(3):e63. Pubmedid: 22829258. Pmcid: PMC3317526.
  • Nishihori T, Alekshun TJ, Shain K, Sullivan DM, Baz R, Perez L, Pidala J, Kharfan-Dabaja MA, Ochoa-Bayona JL, Fernandez HF, Yarde DN, Oliveira V, Fulp W, Han G, Kim J, Chen DT, Raychaudhuri J, Dalton W, Anasetti C, Alsina M. Bortezomib salvage followed by a Phase I/II study of bortezomib plus high-dose melphalan and tandem autologous transplantation for patients with primary resistant myeloma. Brit J Haematol. 2012 Jun;157(5):553-563. Pubmedid: 22449149. Pmcid: PMC4030553.
  • Shain K. Metastatic myeloma?. Blood. 2012 Jun;119(24):5612-5613. Pubmedid: 22700691.
  • Xiang Y, Remily-Wood ER, Oliveira V, Yarde D, He L, Cheng JQ, Mathews L, Boucher K, Cubitt C, Perez L, Gauthier TJ, Eschrich SA, Shain KH, Dalton WS, Hazlehurst L, Koomen JM. Monitoring a nuclear factor-κB signature of drug resistance in multiple myeloma. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2011 Nov;10(11):M110.005520. Pubmedid: 21846842. Pmcid: PMC3226396.
  • Lebovic D, Zhang L, Alsina M, Nishihori T, Shain KH, Sullivan D, Ochoa-Bayona JL, Kharfan-Dabaja MA, Baz R. Clinical outcomes of patients with plasma cell leukemia in the era of novel therapies and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation strategies: a single-institution experience. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2011 Dec;11(6):507-511. Pubmedid: 21813352.
  • Shain KH, Yarde DN, Meads MB, Huang M, Jove R, Hazlehurst LA, Dalton WS. Beta1 integrin adhesion enhances IL-6-mediated STAT3 signaling in myeloma cells: implications for microenvironment influence on tumor survival and proliferation. Cancer Res. 2009 Feb;69(3):1009-1015. Pubmedid: 19155309. Pmcid: PMC2680075.
  • Yarde DN, Oliveira V, Mathews L, Wang X, Villagra A, Boulware D, Shain KH, Hazlehurst LA, Alsina M, Chen DT, Beg AA, Dalton WS. Targeting the Fanconi anemia/BRCA pathway circumvents drug resistance in multiple myeloma. Cancer Res. 2009 Dec;69(24):9367-9375. Pubmedid: 19934314. Pmcid: PMC4519834.
  • Shain KH, Dalton WS. Environmental-mediated drug resistance: a target for multiple myeloma therapy. Expert Rev Hematol. 2009 Dec;2(6):649-662. Pubmedid: 21082957.
  • Perez L, Parquet N, Shain K, Nimmanapalli R, Alsina M, Anasetti C, Dalton W. Bone marrow stroma confers resistance to Apo2 ligand/TRAIL in multiple myeloma in part by regulating c-FLIP. J Immunol. 2008 Feb;180(3):1545-1555. Pubmedid: 18209050.
  • Burdelya L, Kujawski M, Niu G, Zhong B, Wang T, Zhang S, Kortylewski M, Shain K, Kay H, Djeu J, Dalton W, Pardoll D, Wei S, Yu H. Stat3 activity in melanoma cells affects migration of immune effector cells and nitric oxide-mediated antitumor effects. J Immunol. 2005 Apr;174(7):3925-3931. Pubmedid: 15778348. Pmcid: PMC2632804.
  • Dalton W, Hazlehurst L, Shain K, Landowski T, Alsina M. Targeting the bone marrow microenvironment in hematologic malignancies. Semin Hematol. 2004 Apr.41(2 Suppl 4):1-5. Pubmedid: 15190509.
  • Wang T, Niu G, Kortylewski M, Burdelya L, Shain K, Zhang S, Bhattacharya R, Gabrilovich D, Heller R, Coppola D, Dalton W, Jove R, Pardoll D, Yu H. Regulation of the innate and adaptive immune responses by Stat-3 signaling in tumor cells. Nat Med. 2004;10(1):48-54. Pubmedid: 14702634.
  • Hazlehurst L, Enkemann S, Beam C, Argilagos R, Painter J, Shain K, Saporta S, Boulware L, Moscinski L, Alsina M, Dalton W. Genotypic and phenotypic comparisons of de novo and acquired melphalan resistance in an isogenic multiple myeloma cell line model. Cancer Res. 2003 Nov;63(22):7900-7906. Pubmedid: 14633719.
  • Chen T, Yang I, Irby R, Shain K, Wang H, Quackenbush J, Coppola D, Cheng JQ, Yeatman T. Regulation of caspase expression and apoptosis by adenomatous polyposis coli. Cancer Res. 2003;63(15):4368-4374. Pubmedid: 12907606.
  • Shain K, Landowski T, Dalton W. Adhesion-mediated intracellular redistribution of c-Fas-associated death domain-like IL-1-converting enzyme-like inhibitory protein-long confers resistance to CD95-induced apoptosis in hematopoietic cancer cell lines. J Immunol. 2002 Mar;168(5):2544-2553. Pubmedid: 11859150.
  • Shain K, Dalton W. Cell adhesion is a key determinant in de novo multidrug resistance (MDR): new targets for the prevention of acquired MDR. Mol Cancer Ther. 2001 Nov;1(1):69-78. Pubmedid: 12467240.
  • Niu G, Shain K, Huang M, Ravi R, Bedi A, Dalton W, Jove R, Yu H. Overexpression of a dominant-negative signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 variant in tumor cells leads to production of soluble factors that induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Cancer Res. 2001 Apr;61(8):3276-3280. Pubmedid: 11309279.
  • Shain K, Landowski T, Dalton W. The tumor microenvironment as a determinant of cancer cell survival: a possible mechanism for de novo drug resistance. Curr Opin Oncol. 2000 Nov;12(6):557-563. Pubmedid: 11085455.
  • Shain KH, Landowski TH, Buyuksal I, Cantor AB, Dalton WS. Clonal variability in CD95 expression is the major determinant in Fas-medicated, but not chemotherapy-medicated apoptosis in the RPMI 8226 multiple myeloma cell line. Leukemia. 2000 May;14(5):830-840. Pubmedid: 10803514.
  • Anderson K, Kyle R, Dalton W, Landowski T, Shain K, Jove R, Hazlehurst L, Berenson J. Multiple Myeloma: New Insights and Therapeutic Approaches. Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2000 Dec;147-165. Pubmedid: 11701540.
  • Shain K, Jove R, Olashaw N. Constitutive RelB activation in v-Src-transformed fibroblasts: requirement for IkappaB degradation. J Cell Biochem. 1999 May;73(2):237-247. Pubmedid: 10227387.
  • Landowski T, Shain K, Oshiro M, Buyuksal I, Painter J, Dalton W. Myeloma cells selected for resistance to CD95-mediated apoptosis are not cross-resistant to cytotoxic drugs: evidence for independent mechanisms of caspase activation. Blood. 1999 Jul;94(1):265-274. Pubmedid: 10381522.
  • Azizan A, Cong Y, Shain K, Tsai S, Olashaw N, Seto E. Transactivation by expression of the hepatitis B virus X protein with an inducible system. Mol Biol Rep. 1998 Nov;25(4):231-236. Pubmedid: 9870613.

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