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Laryngectomy for Throat Cancer

A laryngectomy is a procedure in which part or all of the larynx (voice box) is removed to treat throat cancer. This type of cancer can affect any of the three different parts of the larynx. These include the glottis, supraglottis and subglottis. A laryngectomy may be recommended as a treatment option on its own, or in conjunction with other treatments.

Types of laryngectomies

If your physician has included a laryngectomy as part of your treatment plan, it is important to note that there are several different types of laryngectomies available. The one that is recommended for you will depend which part of the larynx contains cancerous cells, the stage of the throat cancer, your general health and many other individual factors.

  • Total laryngectomy – This procedure removes the entire voice box. The surgeon will make incisions in the neck to remove the larynx and then create a laryngostome to enable you to breathe through the neck.
  • Partial laryngectomy – Only a portion of the larynx is removed in a partial laryngectomy, which may be performed as an open procedure or as a minimally invasive robotic procedure. For example, a supraglottal laryngectomy removes only the top portion of the larynx.
  • Total laryngopharyngectomy – This procedure removes the entire larynx, along with the part of the pharynx closest to this structure.

Where to receive a laryngectomy for throat cancer

When it comes to choosing a surgeon to perform a laryngectomy, experience matters. Finding a surgeon who has a high level of experience performing the specific type of laryngectomy you need to treat your throat cancer is important. As a high-volume cancer center, Moffitt Cancer Center treats many patients with throat cancer each year, and our surgeons possess an unparalleled level of expertise performing different types of laryngectomies. 

If you would like to learn more about receiving a laryngectomy or any other throat cancer treatment at Moffitt, call 1-888-663-3488 or fill out a new patient registration form online. Moffitt welcomes new patients with or without a referral.