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Noemi Andor, PhD

Program: Integrated Mathematical Oncology

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Dr. Andor's research combines computational biology, mathematical modeling and pharmacology to increase odds in the race against tumor evolution.


    • Neuro-Oncology
    • Gastrointestinal Oncology
    • Integrated Mathematical Oncology
    • Cancer Biology and Evolution Program
    • Cancer Biology and Evolution Program

Education & Training


  • Technical University, PhD - Bioinformatics
  • Ludwig-Maximilians & Technical University, MSc - Bioinformatics


  • Stanford University

Dr. Andor's research focuses on the development and integration of methods to quantify the clonal composition of a tumor from different perspectives, including its genome, transcriptome and appearance.  Overall goal is to use these clone characteristics to inform how a tumo's environment can be altered in order to favor certain tumor subclones over others.


  • Kimmel GJ, Beck RJ, Yu X, Veith T, Bakhoum S, Altrock PM, Andor N. Intra-tumor heterogeneity, turnover rate and karyotype space shape susceptibility to missegregation-induced extinction. PLoS Comput Biol. 2023 Jan.19(1):e1010815. Pubmedid: 36689467. Pmcid: PMC9917311.
  • Andor N, Altrock PM, Jain N, Gomes AP. Tipping Cancer Cells Over the Edge: The Context-Dependent Cost of High Ploidy. Cancer Res. 2022 Mar.82(5):741-748. Pubmedid: 34785577. Pmcid: PMC8898264.
  • Su A, Lee H, Tan X, Suarez CJ, Andor N, Nguyen Q, Ji HP. A deep learning model for molecular label transfer that enables cancer cell identification from histopathology images. NPJ Precis Oncol. 2022 Mar.6(1):14. Pubmedid: 35236916. Pmcid: PMC8891271.
  • Bukkuri A, Andor N, Darcy IK. Applications of Topological Data Analysis in Oncology. Front Artif Intell. 2021 Apr.4:659037. Pubmedid: 33928240. Pmcid: PMC8076640.
  • Kimmel GJ, Dane M, Heiser LM, Altrock PM, Andor N. Integrating Mathematical Modeling with High-Throughput Imaging Explains How Polyploid Populations Behave in Nutrient-Sparse Environments. Cancer Res. 2020 Nov.80(22):5109-5120. Pubmedid: 32938640. Pmcid: PMC7671819.
  • Andor N, Lau BT, Catalanotti C, Sathe A, Kubit M, Chen J, Blaj C, Cherry A, Bangs CD, Grimes SM, Suarez CJ, Ji HP. Joint single cell DNA-seq and RNA-seq of gastric cancer cell lines reveals rules of in vitro evolution. NAR Genom Bioinform. 2020 Jun.2(2):lqaa016. Pubmedid: 32215369. Pmcid: PMC7079336.
  • Enderling H, Altrock PM, Andor N, Basanta D, Brown JS, Gatenby RA, Marusyk A, Rejniak KA, Silva A, Anderson ARA. High School Internship Program in Integrated Mathematical Oncology (HIP IMO): Five-Year Experience at Moffitt Cancer Center. Bull Math Biol. 2020 Jul.82(7):91. Pubmedid: 32648152.
  • Andor N, Simonds EF, Czerwinski DK, Chen J, Grimes SM, Wood-Bouwens C, Zheng GXY, Kubit MA, Greer S, Weiss WA, Levy R, Ji HP. Single-cell RNA-Seq of follicular lymphoma reveals malignant B-cell types and coexpression of T-cell immune checkpoints. Blood. 2019 Mar.133(10):1119-1129. Pubmedid: 30591526. Pmcid: PMC6405336.
  • Chen J, Lau BT, Andor N, Grimes SM, Handy C, Wood-Bouwens C, Ji HP. Single-cell transcriptome analysis identifies distinct cell types and niche signaling in a primary gastric organoid model. Sci Rep. 2019 Mar.9(1):4536. Pubmedid: 30872643. Pmcid: PMC6418230.
  • Vences-Catalán F, Kuo CC, Rajapaksa R, Duault C, Andor N, Czerwinski DK, Levy R, Levy S. CD81 is a novel immunotherapeutic target for B cell lymphoma. J Exp Med. 2019 Jul.216(7):1497-1508. Pubmedid: 31123084. Pmcid: PMC6605745.
  • Xia LC, Ai D, Lee H, Andor N, Li C, Zhang NR, Ji HP. SVEngine: an efficient and versatile simulator of genome structural variations with features of cancer clonal evolution. Gigascience. 2018 Jul.7(7). Pubmedid: 29982625. Pmcid: PMC6057526.
  • Daynac M, Chouchane M, Collins HY, Murphy NE, Andor N, Niu J, Fancy SPJ, Stallcup WB, Petritsch CK. Lgl1 controls NG2 endocytic pathway to regulate oligodendrocyte differentiation and asymmetric cell division and gliomagenesis. Nat Commun. 2018 Aug.9(1):2862. Pubmedid: 30131568. Pmcid: PMC6104045.
  • Andor N, Maley CC, Ji HP. Genomic Instability in Cancer: Teetering on the Limit of Tolerance. Cancer Res. 2017 May.77(9):2179-2185. Pubmedid: 28432052. Pmcid: PMC5413432.
  • Andor N, Graham TA, Jansen M, Xia LC, Aktipis CA, Petritsch C, Ji HP, Maley CC. Pan-cancer analysis of the extent and consequences of intratumor heterogeneity. Nat Med. 2016 Jan.22(1):105-113. Pubmedid: 26618723. Pmcid: PMC4830693.
  • Andor N, Harness JV, Müller S, Mewes HW, Petritsch C. EXPANDS: expanding ploidy and allele frequency on nested subpopulations. Bioinformatics. 2014 Jan.30(1):50-60. Pubmedid: 24177718. Pmcid: PMC3866558.
  • Hashizume R, Andor N, Ihara Y, Lerner R, Gan H, Chen X, Fang D, Huang X, Tom MW, Ngo V, Solomon D, Mueller S, Paris PL, Zhang Z, Petritsch C, Gupta N, Waldman TA, James CD. Pharmacologic inhibition of histone demethylation as a therapy for pediatric brainstem glioma. Nat Med. 2014 Dec.20(12):1394-1396. Pubmedid: 25401693. Pmcid: PMC4257862.
  • Sugiarto S, Persson AI, Munoz EG, Waldhuber M, Lamagna C, Andor N, Hanecker P, Ayers-Ringler J, Phillips J, Siu J, Lim DA, Vandenberg S, Stallcup W, Berger MS, Bergers G, Weiss WA, Petritsch C. Asymmetry-defective oligodendrocyte progenitors are glioma precursors. Cancer Cell. 2011 Sep.20(3):328-340. Pubmedid: 21907924. Pmcid: PMC3297490.


  • Title: Characterizing Cytotoxic Therapy Induced Shifts in the Cost-to-Benefit Ratio of High Ploidy
    Sponsor: Nat Institutes of Health
    PI: Andor, N.
  • Title: Engineering Model-Based Systems to Monitor and Steer Subclonal Dynamics
    Sponsor: Nat Institutes of Health
    PI: Andor, N.
  • Title: Pilot Project 4-St of FL Funds-COE-Anderson
    Sponsor: Moffitt Cancer Center
    PI: Andor, N., Core PI/Director: Gomes, A.
  • Title: A framework to integrate live-cell imaging with single-cell sequencing and learn how cells adapt to new environments
    Sponsor: Nat Institutes of Health
    PI: Andor, N.