Breast Cancer Surgery
At Moffitt, we take a comprehensive, multispecialty approach to breast cancer treatment, including surgery options. Our expert breast cancer surgeons offer minimally invasive surgery and a full range of treatment and support options – all in one convenient location.
Breast cancer surgery is used to remove as much of the tumor and as many of the affected lymph nodes as possible.
Common breast cancer surgeries include mastectomies and lumpectomies, although nipple-sparing and minimally-invasive procedures are also options.
Breast cancer surgery options:
- Lumpectomy - a type of breast-conserving surgery, which entails removing a tumor (lump) in a breast and a small amount of normal tissue around it.
- Mastectomy - Surgery to remove part or all of the breast. Different types of mastectomy vary in the amount of tissue and lymph nodes removed, including:
- Total (or simple mastectomy) - Surgery to remove the entire breast. Some of the lymph nodes under the arm may also be removed.
- Bilateral - Affecting both the right and left sides of the body.
- Prophylactic (or preventive mastectomy) - Surgery to reduce the risk of developing breast cancer by removing one or both breasts before disease develops.
- Partial (or lumpectomy)- a type of breast-conserving surgery to remove the part of the breast that has cancer and some of the normal tissue around it. The lining over the chest muscles below the cancer and some of the lymph nodes under the arm may also be removed.
- Skin-sparing - this technique preserves as much of the breast skin as possible.
- Nipple/areolar sparing- the nipple and/or areola are left in place while the breast tissue underneath is removed.
- Modified/radical mastectomy- Surgery in which the breast, most or all of the lymph nodes under the arm, and the lining over the chest muscles are removed.
- Sentinel node mapping and biopsy - sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) can be used to help determine the extent, or stage, of the cancer.
- Axillary node dissection (or axillary dissection) - Surgery to remove lymph nodes found in the armpit region.
- Breast reconstruction (PDF) - Surgery to rebuild the shape of the breast after a mastectomy. This can be done with implants or autologous tissue transfers.