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What Are the Signs That Breast Cancer Has Spread?
Metastatic breast cancer is a secondary cancer – the cancerous cells originate in breast tissue and then travel to other parts of the body. The most common areas of breast cancer metastasis are the bones, lungs and liver.
Following an initial breast cancer diagnosis, a patient will receive specific screening recommendations to help ensure the early detection of any metastasized cancer. These recommendations may include periodic X-rays, CT scans, MRIs, PET scans or bone scans. It will also be important for the patient to remain vigilant for signs of breast cancer metastasis. Depending on the specific parts of the body affected, the symptoms of metastatic breast cancer can vary.
Symptoms of breast cancer in the bones
Although metastatic breast cancer can potentially occur in any bone in the body, it most often affects the ribs, spine, pelvis and long bones in the arms and legs. Breast cancer that has spread to the bones may cause:
- Sudden bone pain, such as hip or back pain, which may feel similar to the discomfort associated with arthritis or exercise strain
- An increased risk of bone fractures that result from minimal trauma, such as a minor fall
- An elevated level of calcium in the blood, which can lead to fatigue, nausea, dehydration and loss of appetite
- Numbness or muscle weakness in an arm or leg
Symptoms of breast cancer in a lung
Breast cancer that has moved into a lung may cause:
- Pain in the affected lung
- Wheezing and shortness of breath
- Persistent coughing and other symptoms similar to those produced by the common cold and flu
- Coughing up mucus or blood
Symptoms of breast cancer in the liver
Breast cancer that has traveled to the liver may cause:
- Pain or swelling under the ribs, in the midsection or near the right shoulder
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Unexplained weight loss
- Persistent hiccups
- A yellowing of the eyes or skin (jaundice)
- Overwhelming fatigue
Discuss your symptoms with a specialist at Moffitt
If you’ve been diagnosed with breast cancer and are experiencing symptoms of metastasis, you are encouraged to consult with a specialist in the Don & Erika Wallace Comprehensive Breast Program at Moffitt Cancer Center. Request an appointment by calling 1-888-663-3488 or completing a new patient registration form online. We do not require referrals.