Cervical Cancer Stages
Cervical cancer stages are identified through additional testing that is performed after a diagnosis is confirmed. Cancer can be staged through a combination of imaging, physical exams, biopsies, tissue diagnoses and sometimes surgery. The results are used to determine the size of any tumors, whether the cancer has invaded tissues in and around the cervix and whether it has spread to other areas of the body. Staging is important because it drives diagnosis, prognosis and treatment.
At Moffitt Cancer Center, each patient’s cancer staging is one of many factors that are reviewed in detail during a weekly tumor board meeting of cancer specialists. In this way, each patient receives the benefit of multiple expert opinions, all of which are incorporated into a highly individualized treatment plan. At Moffitt, we are proud to provide the very latest in every aspect of cancer care, including screening, diagnosis, treatment and supportive care.
Cervical cancer stages include:
- Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ) – Abnormal cells, which could potentially develop into cancer, are identified within the inner lining of the cervix.
- Stage 1 – Cancer is present and confined to the cervix. This stage may be further divided into stage 1A1 and 1A2 based on how much cancer is found.
- Stage 2 – The cancer has spread beyond the cervix to the vagina, but not to the lower third of the vagina or the pelvic wall.
- Stage 3 – The cancer has spread to the lower third of the vagina (this would be stage 3A) and/or has spread to the pelvic wall and/or has caused kidney problems (this would be stage 3B.)
- Stage 4 – The cancer has spread to the bladder and/or rectum (stage 4A) and/or other areas of the body, such as the lungs, liver, bones or distant lymph nodes (stage 4B).
To learn more about cervical cancer stages from the cancer experts at Moffitt, or if you have questions about your prognosis or are in need of diagnostic testing, please call 1-888-663-3488 or complete a new patient registration form. Our physicians are available even if you don’t have a referral.