Radical Hysterectomy for Gynecological Cancers
A radical hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that can be used to treat a variety of gynecological cancers, including cervical cancer and ovarian cancer. During this operation, a surgeon removes the uterus, cervix and part of the vagina, along with the parametrium (the connective tissue that surrounds the cervix). If necessary, the ovaries, fallopian tubes and nearby lymph nodes can also be removed.
There are several techniques that a surgeon may use to complete a radical hysterectomy. For instance, the procedure may be performed using:
- A traditional approach, in which the surgical site is accessed through a large pelvic incision
- A minimally invasive approach, in which several small incisions are made in lieu of a single, more extensive incision
- A vaginal approach, in which no incisions are made and the surgical site is accessed through the vagina
While a radical hysterectomy typically does not impact a patient’s sexual function, it will end a woman’s ability to become pregnant. There are several fertility-preserving alternatives to a radical hysterectomy, and a patient is encouraged to fully evaluate each of her available options with a gynecological oncologist before deciding on a treatment plan. The most appropriate option can vary from patient to patient and will depend on a woman’s specific diagnosis, age and medical history, as well as her own personal preferences.
At Moffitt Cancer Center, women who are diagnosed with gynecological cancers can consult with an experienced team of oncologists regarding their various treatment options. We recognize that our oncologists can best serve our patients when they practice within a highly specific area of expertise, which is why we have a team of gynecological oncologists who exclusively treat cancers of the female reproductive system.
A patient can consult with a gynecologic oncologist at Moffitt regarding a radical hysterectomy with or without a physician’s referral. To request an appointment, call 1-888-663-3488 or submit a new patient registration form online.