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Eric Outwater, MD

Specialty: Radiology

Program: Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology


His research interests are primarily in genitourinary and gynecologic MRI. 


    • Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology
    • Molecular Medicine Program
    • Cancer Chemoprevention Research Interest Group

Education & Training

Board Certification:

  • Diagnostic Radiology


  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Devon MRI Center, Fellow - Body MRI


  • Tufts New England Medical Center - Radiology

Medical School:

  • University of California, San Diego - MD

He has been the primary facilitator of physician education in RECIST measurements in the department and serves as medical director for the Image Response Assessment Team (IRAT) Core facility.  He has been instrumental in securing funding for the IRAT for clinical trials using tumor metrics at Moffitt.


  • Outwater EK, Montilla-Soler JL. Imaging of prostate carcinoma. Cancer Control. 2013 Jul.20(3):161-176. Pubmedid: 23811700.
  • Raman SS, Leary C, Bluemke DA, Amendola M, Sahani D, McTavish JD, Brody J, Outwater E, Mitchell D, Sheafor DH, Fidler J, Francis IR, Semelka RC, Shamsi K, Gschwend S, Feldman DR, Breuer J. Improved characterization of focal liver lesions with liver-specific gadoxetic acid disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging: a multicenter phase 3 clinical trial. J Comput Assist Tomo. 2010 Mar.34(2):163-172. Pubmedid: 20351497. Pmcid: PMC3036163.
  • Outwater EK. Imaging of the liver for hepatocellular cancer. Cancer Control. 2010 Apr.17(2):72-82. Pubmedid: 20404790.
  • Li Z, Graff C, Gmitro AF, Squire SW, Bilgin A, Outwater EK, Altbach MI. Rapid water and lipid imaging with T2 mapping using a radial IDEAL-GRASE technique. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Jun.61(6):1415-1424. Pubmedid: 19353651. Pmcid: PMC2747511.
  • Knowles NG, Smith DL, Outwater EK. MRI diagnosis of brown tumor based on magnetic susceptibility. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Sep.28(3):759-761. Pubmedid: 18777537.
  • Gigena M, Villar HV, Knowles NG, Cunningham JT, Outwater EK, Leon LR. Antegrade bowel intussusception after remote Whipple and Puestow procedures for treatment of pancreas divisum. World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Nov.13(44):5954-5956. Pubmedid: 17990363. Pmcid: PMC4205444.
  • Chen Z, Wang Z, Lohman T, Heymsfield SB, Outwater E, Nicholas JS, Bassford T, LaCroix A, Sherrill D, Punyanitya M, Wu G, Going S. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry is a valid tool for assessing skeletal muscle mass in older women. J Nutr. 2007 Dec.137(12):2775-2780. Pubmedid: 18029498.
  • Shin SL, Outwater EK. Benign large cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor of the testis in a prepubescent patient. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Aug.189(2):W65-W66. Pubmedid: 17646440.
  • Anzai Y, Piccoli CW, Outwater EK, Stanford W, Bluemke DA, Nurenberg P, Saini S, Maravilla KR, Feldman DE, Schmiedl UP, Brunberg JA, Francis IR, Harms SE, Som PM, Tempany CM. Evaluation of neck and body metastases to nodes with ferumoxtran 10-enhanced MR imaging: phase III safety and efficacy study. Radiology. 2003 Sep.228(3):777-788. Pubmedid: 12954896.
  • Erly WK, Borders RJ, Outwater EK, Zaetta JM, Borders GT. Location, size, and distribution of mediastinal lymph node enlargement in chronic congestive heart failure. J Comput Assist Tomo. 2003 Jul.27(4):485-489. Pubmedid: 12886129.
  • Bluemke DA, Weber TM, Rubin D, de Lange EE, Semelka R, Redvanly RD, Chezmar J, Outwater E, Carlos R, Saini S, Holland GA, Mammone JF, Brown JJ, Milestone B, Javitt MC, Jacobs P. Hepatic MR imaging with ferumoxides: multicenter study of safety and effectiveness of direct injection protocol. Radiology. 2003 Aug.228(2):457-464. Pubmedid: 12893904.
  • Kishimoto K, Ito K, Awaya H, Matsunaga N, Outwater EK, Siegelman ES. Paraovarian cyst: MR imaging features. Abdom Imaging. 2002 Nov.27(6):685-689. Pubmedid: 12395257.
  • Fedele M, Battista S, Kenyon L, Baldassarre G, Fidanza V, Klein-Szanto AJ, Parlow AF, Visone R, Pierantoni GM, Outwater E, Santoro M, Croce CM, Fusco A. Overexpression of the HMGA2 gene in transgenic mice leads to the onset of pituitary adenomas. Oncogene. 2002 May.21(20):3190-3198. Pubmedid: 12082634.
  • Altbach MI, Outwater EK, Trouard TP, Krupinski EA, Theilmann RJ, Stopeck AT, Kono M, Gmitro AF. Radial fast spin-echo method for T2-weighted imaging and T2 mapping of the liver. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2002 Aug.16(2):179-189. Pubmedid: 12203766.
  • Outwater EK, Siegelman ES, Hunt JL. Ovarian teratomas: tumor types and imaging characteristics. Radiographics. 2001 Mar.21(2):475-490. Pubmedid: 11259710.
  • Moritz M, Halpern E, Mitchell D, Wechsler R, Outwater E, Radomski J, Wilson G, Armenti V. Comparison of CT and MR angiography for evaluation of living renal donors. Transplant P. 2001 Feb.33(1-2):831-832. Pubmedid: 11267086.
  • Pretorius ES, Outwater EK, Hunt JL, Siegelman ES. Magnetic resonance imaging of the ovary. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2001 Apr.12(2):131-146. Pubmedid: 11296805.
  • Saini S, Sharma R, Baron RL, Turner DA, Ros PR, Hahn PF, Small WC, Delange EE, Stillman AE, Edelman RR, Runge VM, Outwater EK. Multicentre dose-ranging study on the efficacy of USPIO ferumoxtran-10 for liver MR imaging. Clin Radiol. 2000 Sep.55(9):690-695. Pubmedid: 10988047.
  • Jeong YY, Outwater EK, Kang HK. Imaging evaluation of ovarian masses. Radiographics. 2000 Sep.20(5):1445-1470. Pubmedid: 10992033.
  • Outwater EK, Marchetto B, Wagner BJ. Virilizing tumors of the ovary: imaging features. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2000 May.15(5):365-371. Pubmedid: 10976475.
  • Blasbalg R, Mitchell DG, Outwater EK, Ito K, Gabata T, Chiowanich P. Free MRA of the abdomen: postprocessing dynamic gadolinium-enhanced 3D axial MR images. Abdom Imaging. 2000 Jan.25(1):62-66. Pubmedid: 10652925.
  • Hussain SM, Outwater EK, Joekes EC, Ulrich F, Delemarre HB, Bemelman WA, Li X, Mitchell DG. Clinical and MR imaging features of cryptoglandular and Crohn's fistulas and abscesses. Abdom Imaging. 2000 Jan.25(1):67-74. Pubmedid: 10652926.
  • Grasel RP, Outwater EK, Siegelman ES, Capuzzi D, Parker L, Hussain SM. Endometrial polyps: MR imaging features and distinction from endometrial carcinoma. Radiology. 2000 Jan.214(1):47-52. Pubmedid: 10644100.
  • Kim MJ, Mitchell DG, Ito K, Outwater EK. Biliary dilatation: differentiation of benign from malignant causes--value of adding conventional MR imaging to MR cholangiopancreatography. Radiology. 2000 Jan.214(1):173-181. Pubmedid: 10644119.
  • Halpern EJ, Mitchell DG, Wechsler RJ, Outwater EK, Moritz MJ, Wilson GA. Preoperative evaluation of living renal donors: comparison of CT angiography and MR angiography. Radiology. 2000 Aug.216(2):434-439. Pubmedid: 10924566.
  • Gougoutas CA, Siegelman ES, Hunt J, Outwater EK. Pelvic endometriosis: various manifestations and MR imaging findings. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 2000 Aug.175(2):353-358. Pubmedid: 10915674.
  • Hussain SM, Outwater EK, Siegelman ES. MR imaging features of pelvic mucinous carcinomas. Eur Radiol. 2000.10(6):885-891. Pubmedid: 10879695.
  • Nguyen BC, Stanford W, Thompson BH, Rossi NP, Kernstine KH, Kern JA, Robinson RA, Amorosa JK, Mammone JF, Outwater EK. Multicenter clinical trial of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide in the evaluation of mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with primary lung carcinoma. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 Sep.10(3):468-473. Pubmedid: 10508310.
  • Murase E, Siegelman ES, Outwater EK, Perez-Jaffe LA, Tureck RW. Uterine leiomyomas: histopathologic features, MR imaging findings, differential diagnosis, and treatment. Radiographics. 1999 Sep.19(5):1179-1197. Pubmedid: 10489175.
  • Kim PN, Outwater EK, Mitchell DG. Mirizzi syndrome: evaluation by MRI imaging. Am J Gastroenterol. 1999 Sep.94(9):2546-2550. Pubmedid: 10484023.
  • Hussain SM, Outwater EK, Siegelman ES. Mucinous versus nonmucinous rectal carcinomas: differentiation with MR imaging. Radiology. 1999 Oct.213(1):79-85. Pubmedid: 10540644.
  • Battista S, Fidanza V, Fedele M, Klein-Szanto AJ, Outwater E, Brunner H, Santoro M, Croce CM, Fusco A. The expression of a truncated HMGI-C gene induces gigantism associated with lipomatosis. Cancer Res. 1999 Oct.59(19):4793-4797. Pubmedid: 10519386.
  • Halpern EJ, Nazarian LN, Wechsler RJ, Mitchell DG, Outwater EK, Levin DC, Gardiner GA, Feldman HI. US, CT, and MR evaluation of accessory renal arteries and proximal renal arterial branches. Acad Radiol. 1999 May.6(5):299-304. Pubmedid: 10228619.
  • Kim PN, Mitchell DG, Outwater EK. Budd-Chiari syndrome: hepatic venous obstruction by an elevated diaphragm. Abdom Imaging. 1999 May.24(3):267-271. Pubmedid: 10227891.
  • Outwater EK. Ultrafast MR imaging of the pelvis. Eur J Radiol. 1999 Mar.29(3):233-244. Pubmedid: 10399609.
  • Ito K, Mitchell DG, Outwater EK, Blasbalg R. Primary sclerosing cholangitis: MR imaging features. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Jun.172(6):1527-1533. Pubmedid: 10350284.
  • Small WC, DeSimone-Macchi D, Parker JR, Sukerkar A, Hahn PF, Rubin DL, Zelch JV, Kuhlman JE, Outwater EK, Weinreb JC, Brown JJ, de Lange EE, Woodward PJ, Arildsen R, Foster GS, Runge VM, Aisen AM, Muroff LR, Thoeni RF, Parisky YR, Tanenbaum LN, Totterman S, Herfkens RJ, Knudsen J, Bernardino ME. A multisite phase III study of the safety and efficacy of a new manganese chloride-based gastrointestinal contrast agent for MRI of the abdomen and pelvis. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 Jul.10(1):15-24. Pubmedid: 10398973.
  • Johnson PT, Outwater EK. Pancreatic carcinoma versus chronic pancreatitis: dynamic MR imaging. Radiology. 1999 Jul.212(1):213-218. Pubmedid: 10405744.
  • Kim MJ, Park S, Kim NK, Kim MJ, Chung JJ, Outwater EK. Perirectal cystic paragonimiasis: endorectal coil MRI. J Comput Assist Tomo. 1999 Jan.23(1):94-95. Pubmedid: 10050816.
  • Sharma R, Saini S, Ros PR, Hahn PF, Small WC, de Lange EE, Stillman AE, Edelman RR, Runge VM, Outwater EK, Morris M, Lucas M. Safety profile of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide ferumoxtran-10: phase II clinical trial data. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 Feb.9(2):291-294. Pubmedid: 10077027.
  • Outwater EK, Marchetto BE, Wagner BJ, Siegelman ES. Aggressive angiomyxoma: findings on CT and MR imaging. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Feb.172(2):435-438. Pubmedid: 9930798.
  • Ito K, Mitchell DG, Outwater EK. Pancreatic changes in primary sclerosing cholangitis: evaluation with MR imaging. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Dec.173(6):1535-1539. Pubmedid: 10584797.
  • Outwater EK, Blasbalg R, Siegelman ES, Vala M. Detection of lipid in abdominal tissues with opposed-phase gradient-echo images at 1.5 T: techniques and diagnostic importance. Radiographics. 1998 Nov.18(6):1465-1480. Pubmedid: 9821195.
  • Outwater EK, Wagner BJ, Mannion C, McLarney JK, Kim B. Sex cord-stromal and steroid cell tumors of the ovary. Radiographics. 1998 Nov.18(6):1523-1546. Pubmedid: 9821198.
  • Siegelman ES, Outwater EK. MR imaging techniques of the liver. Radiol Clin North Am. 1998 Mar.36(2):263-286. Pubmedid: 9520981.
  • Ito K, Mitchell DG, Hann HW, Outwater EK, Kim Y, Fujita T, Okazaki H, Honjo K, Matsunaga N. Progressive viral-induced cirrhosis: serial MR imaging findings and clinical correlation. Radiology. 1998 Jun.207(3):729-735. Pubmedid: 9609897.
  • Outwater EK, Siegelman ES, Van Deerlin V. Adenomyosis: current concepts and imaging considerations. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 1998 Feb.170(2):437-441. Pubmedid: 9456960.
  • Mammone JF, Siegelman ES, Outwater EK. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pancreas and biliary tree. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 1998 Feb.19(1):35-52. Pubmedid: 9503519.
  • Siegelman ES, Outwater EK. Magnetic resonance imaging of focal and diffuse hepatic disease. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 1998 Feb.19(1):2-34. Pubmedid: 9503518.
  • Outwater EK, Siegelman ES, Kim B, Chiowanich P, Blasbalg R, Kilger A. Ovarian Brenner tumors: MR imaging characteristics. Magn Reson Imaging. 1998 Dec.16(10):1147-1153. Pubmedid: 9858270.
  • Outwater EK, Siegelman ES, Chiowanich P, Kilger AM, Dunton CJ, Talerman A. Dilated fallopian tubes: MR imaging characteristics. Radiology. 1998 Aug.208(2):463-469. Pubmedid: 9680577.
  • Rubin DL, Falk KL, Sperling MJ, Ross M, Saini S, Rothman B, Shellock F, Zerhouni E, Stark D, Outwater EK, Schmiedl U, Kirby LC, Chezmar J, Coates T, Chang M, Silverman JM, Rofsky N, Burnett K, Engel J, Young SW. A multicenter clinical trial of Gadolite Oral Suspension as a contrast agent for MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1997 Sep.7(5):865-872. Pubmedid: 9307913.
  • Ito K, Mitchell DG, Outwater EK, Szklaruk J, Sadek AG. Hepatic lesions: discrimination of nonsolid, benign lesions from solid, malignant lesions with heavily T2-weighted fast spin-echo MR imaging. Radiology. 1997 Sep.204(3):729-737. Pubmedid: 9280251.
  • Siegelman ES, Outwater EK, Banner MP, Ramchandani P, Anderson TL, Schnall MD. High-resolution MR imaging of the vagina. Radiographics. 1997 Sep.17(5):1183-1203. Pubmedid: 9308110.
  • Ito K, Mitchell DG, Hann HW, Outwater EK, Kim Y. Compensated cirrhosis due to viral hepatitis: using MR imaging to predict clinical progression. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 1997 Sep.169(3):801-805. Pubmedid: 9275900.
  • Outwater EK, Bhatia M, Siegelman ES, Burke MA, Mitchell DG. Lipid in renal clear cell carcinoma: detection on opposed-phase gradient-echo MR images. Radiology. 1997 Oct.205(1):103-107. Pubmedid: 9314970.
  • Outwater EK, Ito K, Siegelman E, Martin CE, Bhatia M, Mitchell DG. Rapidly enhancing hepatic hemangiomas at MRI: distinction from malignancies with T2-weighted images. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1997 Nov.7(6):1033-1039. Pubmedid: 9400846.
  • Outwater EK, Siegelman ES, Talerman A, Dunton C. Ovarian fibromas and cystadenofibromas: MRI features of the fibrous component. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1997 May.7(3):465-471. Pubmedid: 9170028.
  • Hong RD, Outwater E, Gomella LG. Aggressive angiomyxoma of the perineum in a man. J Urol. 1997 Mar.157(3):959-960. Pubmedid: 9072617.
  • Outwater EK, Huang AB, Dunton CJ, Talerman A, Capuzzi DM. Papillary projections in ovarian neoplasms: appearance on MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1997 Jul.7(4):689-695. Pubmedid: 9243390.
  • Siegelman ES, Outwater EK, Piccoli CW, Chernesky CE, Mitchell DG. MRI of benign and malignant hepatic lobar atrophy. Clin Imaging. 1997 Jan.21(1):43-50. Pubmedid: 9117931.
  • Outwater EK, Mitchell DG, Rubenfeld IG. Correction to a previously published case: recurrence of invasive adrenocortical tumor after excision of atypical adenoma. Radiology. 1997 Feb.202(2):531-532. Pubmedid: 9015085.
  • Kainz G, Mammone J, Outwater EK. Change in the composition of adrenal nodules after therapy as revealed by opposed-phase MR imaging. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 1997 Aug.169(2):549-550. Pubmedid: 9242774.
  • Kelekis NL, Semelka RC, Siegelman ES, Ascher SM, Outwater EK, Woosley JT, Reinhold C, Mitchell DG. Focal hepatic lymphoma: magnetic resonance demonstration using current techniques including gadolinium enhancement. Magn Reson Imaging. 1997.15(6):625-636. Pubmedid: 9285802.
  • Giuliano V, Outwater EK, Mitchell DG, Burke MA. Median nerve hamartoma: MR imaging using chemical shift techniques. Magn Reson Imaging. 1997.15(9):1091-1094. Pubmedid: 9364956.
  • Outwater EK, Siegelman ES, Huang AB, Birnbaum BA. Adrenal masses: correlation between CT attenuation value and chemical shift ratio at MR imaging with in-phase and opposed-phase sequences. Radiology. 1996 Sep.200(3):749-752. Pubmedid: 8756926.
  • Sadek AG, Mohamed FB, Outwater EK, El-Essawy SS, Mitchell DG. Respiratory and postprandial changes in portal flow rate: assessment by phase contrast MR imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1996 Jan.6(1):90-93. Pubmedid: 8851411.
  • Outwater EK, Mitchell DG. Normal ovaries and functional cysts: MR appearance. Radiology. 1996 Feb.198(2):397-402. Pubmedid: 8596839.
  • Mitchell DG, Stolpen AH, Siegelman ES, Bolinger L, Outwater EK. Fatty tissue on opposed-phase MR images: paradoxical suppression of signal intensity by paramagnetic contrast agents. Radiology. 1996 Feb.198(2):351-357. Pubmedid: 8596831.
  • Outwater EK. Contrast-enhanced MR imaging of gynecologic disorders. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 1996 Feb.4(1):133-151. Pubmedid: 8673711.
  • Outwater EK, Talerman A, Dunton C. Normal adnexa uteri specimens: anatomic basis of MR imaging features. Radiology. 1996 Dec.201(3):751-755. Pubmedid: 8939226.
  • Outwater EK, Siegelman ES, Wilson KM, Mitchell DG. Benign and malignant gynecologic disease: clinical importance of fluid and peritoneal enhancement in the pelvis at MR imaging. Radiology. 1996 Aug.200(2):483-488. Pubmedid: 8685345.
  • Outwater EK, Siegelman ES, Radecki PD, Piccoli CW, Mitchell DG. Distinction between benign and malignant adrenal masses: value of T1-weighted chemical-shift MR imaging. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Sep.165(3):579-583. Pubmedid: 7645474.
  • Siegelman ES, Outwater EK, Furth EE, Rubin R. MR imaging of hepatic nodular regenerative hyperplasia. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1995 Nov.5(6):730-732. Pubmedid: 8748494.
  • Winston CB, Mitchell DG, Outwater EK, Ehrlich SM. Pancreatic signal intensity on T1-weighted fat saturation MR images: clinical correlation. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1995 May.5(3):267-271. Pubmedid: 7633102.
  • Mitchell DG, Outwater EK, Matteucci T, Rubin DL, Chezmar JL, Saini S. Adrenal gland enhancement at MR imaging with Mn-DPDP. Radiology. 1995 Mar.194(3):783-787. Pubmedid: 7862979.
  • Mitchell DG, Winston CB, Outwater EK, Ehrlich SM. Delineation of pancreas with MR imaging: multiobserver comparison of five pulse sequences. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1995 Mar.5(2):193-199. Pubmedid: 7766982.
  • Sadek AG, Mitchell DG, Siegelman ES, Outwater EK, Matteuccí T, Hann HW. Early hepatocellular carcinoma that develops within macroregenerative nodules: growth rate depicted at serial MR imaging. Radiology. 1995 Jun.195(3):753-756. Pubmedid: 7754006.
  • Outwater EK, Dunton CJ. Imaging of the ovary and adnexa: clinical issues and applications of MR imaging. Radiology. 1995 Jan.194(1):1-18. Pubmedid: 7997533.
  • Siegelman ES, Outwater EK, Vinitski S, Mitchell DG. Fat suppression by saturation/opposed-phase hybrid technique: spin echo versus gradient echo imaging. Magn Reson Imaging. 1995.13(4):545-548. Pubmedid: 7674849.
  • Mitchell DG, Tasciyan T, Ortega HV, Outwater E, Vinitski S. Pulsation artifact in short TR MR imaging and angiography: exacerbation with signal averaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1994 Sep.4(5):709-718. Pubmedid: 7981516.
  • Dravid VS, Shapiro MJ, Mitchell DG, Outwater EK, Piccoli CW, Feld RI, Wechsler RJ, Rosato FE. MR portography: preliminary comparison with CT portography and conventional MR imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1994 Nov.4(6):767-771. Pubmedid: 7865935.
  • Outwater EK, Petersen RO, Siegelman ES, Gomella LG, Chernesky CE, Mitchell DG. Prostate carcinoma: assessment of diagnostic criteria for capsular penetration on endorectal coil MR images. Radiology. 1994 Nov.193(2):333-339. Pubmedid: 7972739.
  • Outwater EK, Mitchell DG. Magnetic resonance imaging techniques in the pelvis. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 1994 May.2(2):161-188. Pubmedid: 7489284.
  • Mitchell DG, Outwater EK, Vinitski S. Hybrid RARE: implementations for abdominal MR imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1994 Mar.4(2):109-117. Pubmedid: 8180448.
  • Siegelman ES, Outwater E, Hanau CA, Ballas SK, Steiner RM, Rao VM, Mitchell DG. Abdominal iron distribution in sickle cell disease: MR findings in transfusion and nontransfusion dependent patients. J Comput Assist Tomo. 1994 Jan.18(1):63-67. Pubmedid: 8282886.
  • Méndez RJ, Schiebler ML, Outwater EK, Kressel HY. Hepatic abscesses: MR imaging findings. Radiology. 1994 Feb.190(2):431-436. Pubmedid: 8284394.
  • Outwater EK, Mitchell DG, Vinitski S. Abdominal MR imaging: evaluation of a fast spin-echo sequence. Radiology. 1994 Feb.190(2):425-429. Pubmedid: 8284393.
  • Siegelman ES, Outwater E, Wang T, Mitchell DG. Solid pelvic masses caused by endometriosis: MR imaging features. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 1994 Aug.163(2):357-361. Pubmedid: 8037030.
  • Siegelman ES, Mitchell DG, Outwater E, Munoz SJ, Rubin R. Idiopathic hemochromatosis: MR imaging findings in cirrhotic and precirrhotic patients. Radiology. 1993 Sep.188(3):637-641. Pubmedid: 8351325.
  • Outwater E, Schiebler ML, Owen RS, Schnall MD. Characterization of hemorrhagic adnexal lesions with MR imaging: blinded reader study. Radiology. 1993 Feb.186(2):489-494. Pubmedid: 8421756.
  • Outwater E, Schiebler ML. Pelvic fistulas: findings on MR images. Ajr Am J Roentgenol. 1993 Feb.160(2):327-330. Pubmedid: 8424344.
  • Outwater E, Schiebler ML, Tomaszewski JE, Schnall MD, Kressel HY. Mucinous carcinomas involving the prostate: atypical findings at MR imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1992 Sep.2(5):597-600. Pubmedid: 1327313.
  • Schiebler ML, Schnall MD, Outwater E. MR imaging of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate. J Comput Assist Tomo. 1992 May.16(3):493-494. Pubmedid: 1317392.
  • Outwater E, Schiebler ML, Brooks JJ. Intraabdominal desmoplastic small cell tumor: CT and MR findings. J Comput Assist Tomo. 1992 May.16(3):429-432. Pubmedid: 1592927.
  • Outwater E, Schnall MD, Braitman LE, Dinsmore BJ, Kressel HY. Magnetization transfer of hepatic lesions: evaluation of a novel contrast technique in the abdomen. Radiology. 1992 Feb.182(2):535-540. Pubmedid: 1732976.
  • Outwater E, Kaplan MM, Bankoff MS. Lymphadenopathy in sclerosing cholangitis: pitfall in the diagnosis of malignant biliary obstruction. Gastrointest Radiol. 1992.17(2):157-160. Pubmedid: 1312966.
  • Abbas YA, Kressel HY, Wehrli FW, Gefter WB, Dinsmore BJ, Chan TW, Oleaga L, Milestone BN, Outwater EK. Differential diagnosis of hepatic neoplasms: spin echo versus gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetate-enhanced gradient echo imaging. Magn Reson Q. 1991 Oct.7(4):275-292. Pubmedid: 1790113.
  • Outwater E, Tomaszewski JE, Daly JM, Kressel HY. Hepatic colorectal metastases: correlation of MR imaging and pathologic appearance. Radiology. 1991 Aug.180(2):327-332. Pubmedid: 2068294.
  • Outwater E, Bankoff MS. Clinically significant adrenal hemorrhage secondary to metastases. Computed tomography observations. Clin Imaging. 1989 Sep.13(3):195-200. Pubmedid: 2819583.
  • Outwater EK, Platenberg RC, Wolpert SM. Moyamoya disease in Down syndrome. Ajnr Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 Sep.10(5 Suppl):S23-S24. Pubmedid: 2528269.
  • Outwater E, Gerzof SG. Pedunculated leiomyosarcoma of the vaginal cuff after total hysterectomy: CT features. J Comput Assist Tomo. 1989 Nov.13(6):1095-1096. Pubmedid: 2584498.
  • Outwater E, Kaplan MM, Bankoff MS. Lymphadenopathy in primary biliary cirrhosis: CT observations. Radiology. 1989 Jun.171(3):731-733. Pubmedid: 2717743.
  • Outwater E, Oates E, Sarno RC. Indium-111-labeled leukocyte scintigraphy: diagnosis of subperiosteal abscesses complicating osteomyelitis in a child. J Nucl Med. 1988 Nov.29(11):1871-1874. Pubmedid: 3183756.
  • Outwater E, Oates E. Condensing osteitis of the clavicle: case report and review of the literature. J Nucl Med. 1988 Jun.29(6):1122-1125. Pubmedid: 3286838.
  • Theilmann RJ, Borders R, Trouard TP, Xia G, Outwater E, Ranger-Moore J, Gillies RJ, Stopeck A. Changes in water mobility measured by diffusion MRI predict response of metastatic breast cancer to chemotherapy. Neoplasia. 6(6):831-837. Pubmedid: 15720810. Pmcid: PMC1531687.