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Applying mHealth to Tobacco-related Health Disparities: Enhancing Aspects of Resiliency to Aid Cessation Efforts
The purpose of this study is to better understand what happens when someone attempts to quit smoking.
Aim 1: Examine pathways linking state mindfulness (measured in real-time in the real-world via EMA) to cessation (via AutoSense) with a longitudinal cohort study of a racially/ethnically diverse smokers. Key mechanisms are: PA (via EMA), NA (via EMA and AutoSense), and SRC (via AutoSense). H1: Higher state mindfulness will be associated with: a) higher PA, b) lower NA, c) greater SRC, and d) a reduced likelihood of lapsing. H2: Higher levels of state mindfulness will moderate the relationships of: a) Specific events and subsequent affective response, with higher mindfulness strengthening the link between restoring events and increased PA, and weakening the link between depleting events and increased NA. b) Affect and SRC, such that higher mindfulness will strengthen the relationship between increased PA and higher SRC and weaken the relationship between increased NA and reduced SRC. Aim 2: Conduct a feasibility study to evaluate the potential efficacy of providing real-time, real-world mindfulness intervention strategies among a sample of racially/ethnically diverse smokers (original data collection). H3: Providing a mindfulness strategy to be used in real-time will be associated with: a) lower NA, b) greater SRC, and c) a reduced likelihood of lapsing.