Small intestine cancer stages are usually determined at the time a diagnosis is confirmed. At Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, just a short drive north from St. Petersburg, FL, the staging process is completed by a multispecialty team in our Gastrointestinal Oncology Program.
Some people may wonder why cancer staging is necessary. As opposed to being a definitive prognostic indicator, a cancer’s stage is simply a helpful point of reference that can be used by physicians when discussing the location, extent and spread of a cancer. Of course, each patient’s circumstances are unique and must be treated as such. However, cancers that are categorized in the same stage tend to share comparable outlooks and respond similarly to treatments.
At Moffitt, we determine small intestine cancer stages based on the American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM System, which involves an in-depth evaluation of three factors: the size and location of the primary tumor (T), lymph node involvement (N) and metastasis to other parts of the body (M). After our team assigns a value to each of these categories, we combine the results to determine the cancer’s overall stage.
Using the TNM system, we may classify a patient’s small intestine cancer into one of the following stages:
- Stage 0 — Cancerous changes are detected only in the topmost cells of the small intestine (mucosa)
- Stage 1 — Cancer cells are found in the innermost layers of the small intestine (the lamina propria, submucosa or muscularis propria)
- Stage 2 — Cancer has spread beyond the walls of the small intestine (into the subserosa or serosa)
- Stage 3 — A tumor has affected nearby lymph nodes
- Stage 4 — Cancer has penetrated the lining of the abdominal cavity (visceral peritoneum)
Individuals from the St. Petersburg, Florida, area who are diagnosed with small intestine cancer, regardless of the type and stage, are welcome to come to Moffitt for comprehensive evaluation and treatment. Our surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists and other cancer specialists work closely with each patient to develop an individualized treatment plan. As a high-volume cancer center, we have acquired extensive experience in treating even the most advanced stages of small intestine cancer. Therefore, we offer our patients significant peace of mind as well as the convenience of having comprehensive cancer services available in a single location near St. Petersburg, FL.
If you’d like to learn more about small intestine cancer stages and treatments, the experts at Moffitt Cancer Center can provide all of the information you need to make fully informed healthcare choices. Call 1-888-663-3488 or complete our new patient registration form online to set up your appointment. No referrals are required.