Neurofibromatosis Types Explained by the Experts at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, FL

Individuals in the Tampa, Florida, area who are suffering from neurofibromatosis have one of three types – type 1, type 2 and schwannomatosis. All types of neurofibromatosis develop as a result of a mutation in an individual’s DNA. The mutation can either be congenital, meaning it was inherited from a parent, or spontaneous, meaning it was present at birth but not inherited from a parent.

The specific effects neurofibromatosis will have on an individual greatly depend on which type of the disorder they have:

  • Type 1 – The most common form of neurofibromatosis, type 1 causes tumors to develop on and underneath the skin. These tumors can occur by themselves, in small groups or throughout the body, and they are often accompanied by areas of skin discoloration. Tumors caused by type 1 neurofibromatosis may become malignant over time.
  • Type 2 – Type 2 neurofibromatosis causes tumors to form in the nervous system, most often in the spinal canal or skull, which can become malignant over time.
  • Schwannomatosis – In those who have schwannomatosis, the least common of the neurofibromatosis types, tumors develop in the peripheral nerve cells throughout the body. Unlike types 1 and 2, this form of neurofibromatosis never becomes cancerous.

The experts within Moffitt’s Neuro-Oncology program have extensive experience in treating all types of neurofibromatosis. When a new patient comes to our cancer center in Tampa, FL, his or her case is carefully reviewed by our tumor board, which comprises a multispecialty team of experts who focus solely on the treatment of neurological disorders. Then, based on input from the tumor board, the patient’s team will recommend a course of treatment that gives the patient the best chance at a favorable outcome and a positive quality of life.

For more information regarding neurofibromatosis types and the treatments offered at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, FL, call 1-888-663-3488 or fill out a new patient registration form online. Referrals are not required to come to Moffitt.