Colon Cancer Surgery

Surgery is one of the most common colon cancer treatment options. When a patient is healthy enough to undergo surgery and the tumor is small enough to be surgically removed, the outcome can be quite positive.

There are several types of colon cancer surgery. Depending on the size, stage and location of a patient’s cancer, a surgeon may recommend:

  • Polypectomy, in which a cancerous polyp is removed through a tube inserted into the rectum
  • Local excision, in which a small tumor is removed through a tube inserted into the anus or a small incision in the rectum
  • Left hemicolectomy, in which the left side of the colon is removed
  • Transverse colectomy, in which the middle (transverse) section of the colon is removed
  • Right hemicolectomy, in which the right side of the colon is removed
  • Sigmoid colectomy, in which the lower (sigmoid) section of the colon is removed
  • Total colectomy, in which the entire colon is removed
  • Lymph node resection, in which the nodes surrounding a tumor are removed and examined for signs of metastasis (cancerous spread)

After a left hemi-, transverse, right hemi- or sigmoid colectomy, a surgeon will likely perform a procedure known as anamastosis, in which the two ends of the colon are joined together to allow for normal passage of stools. After a total colectomy, a small hole called a stoma is made in the wall of the abdomen, and the remaining end of the bowel is connected to the stoma. This procedure, which is known as colostomy, allows a patient’s bowel movements to be collected in a small bag that is fastened to the outside of the stoma.

At Moffitt Cancer Center, our surgeons are highly experienced with each of the unique procedures involved in the surgical treatment of colon cancer, including minimally invasive techniques that do not require incisions in the abdominal wall. Moffitt has also been ranked High Performing in terms of colon cancer surgery, according to the U.S. News & World Report’s Best Hospitals for Cancer listing. Referrals are not required to make an appointment; to learn more about surgery for colon cancer, call 1-888-663-3488 or submit a new patient registration form online.

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