Diagnosis & Stages

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A full range of diagnostic tests is available to help detect pancreatic cancer. These include:

  • Computed tomography (CT) angiography
  • Cytopathology
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • EUS-guided biopsy
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • Interventional radiology
  • Pathology consult
  • Stent placement for bile duct obstruction
  • Stent placement for intestinal obstruction

Stages of Pancreatic Cancer

Staging determines the extent of the disease. The stages include:

Stage 0 - The cancer is found only in the lining of the pancreas. It has not spread outside of the pancreas.
Stage IA - The cancer is found only in the pancreas and is less than 2 cm in size. It has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
Stage IB - The tumor is confined to the pancreas and is larger than 2 cm in size. It has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
Stage IIA - The tumor is growing outside the pancreas but not into large blood vessels. It has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
Stage IIB - The tumor is either confined to the pancreas or growing outside the pancreas but not into nearby large blood vessels or major nerves. It has spread to nearby lymph nodes but not distant sites.
Stage III - The tumor is growing outside the pancreas into nearby large blood vessels or major nerves. It may or may not have spread to nearby lymph nodes. It has not spread to distant sites.
Stage IV - The cancer has spread to distant sites.

Source: American Cancer Society

 
 
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