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There are many types of ovarian cancer, which are categorized by the type of cell where the malignancy begins. The most common type is called epithelial ovarian cancer. Less common types include germ cell and sex cord stromal tumors.

Surgery is usually recommended for patients with known or suspected ovarian cancer. The purpose of the surgery is to establish a diagnosis, determine the extent of the disease (stage), and to remove the tumor deposits. Depending on the stage, chemotherapy may be administered after surgery. This can be given either through the vein (intravenously) or directly into the abdominal cavity (intraperitoneal). Radiation therapy is rarely used to treat ovarian cancer.

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