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Signs & Symptoms

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These are some signs and symptoms of a few forms of leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes.

Adult Acute Lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
The early signs of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may be similar to the flu or other common diseases. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:

  • Weakness or feeling tired
  • Fever
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Petechiae (flat, pinpoint spots under the skin caused by bleeding)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weight loss or loss of appetite
  • Pain in the bones or stomach
  • Pain or feeling of fullness below the ribs
  • Painless lumps in the neck, underarm, stomach, or groin

These and other symptoms may be caused by adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia or by other conditions.

Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
The early signs of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) may be like those caused by the flu or other common diseases. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:

  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Petechiae (flat, pinpoint spots under the skin caused by bleeding)
  • Weakness or feeling tired
  • Weight loss or loss of appetite

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Usually chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) does not cause any symptoms and is found during a routine blood test. Sometimes symptoms occur that may be caused by CLL or by other conditions. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:

  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, stomach, or groin
  • Feeling very tired
  • Pain or fullness below the ribs
  • Fever and infection
  • Weight loss for no known reason

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Possible signs of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) include tiredness, night sweats, and fever. These and other symptoms may be caused by CML. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:

  • Feeling very tired
  • Weight loss for no known reason
  • Night sweats
  • Fever
  • Pain or a feeling of fullness below the ribs on the left side

Sometimes CML does not cause any symptoms at all.

Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic syndromes often do not cause early symptoms and are sometimes found during a routine blood test. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness or feeling tired
  • Having skin that is paler than usual
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Petechiae (flat, pinpoint spots under the skin caused by bleeding)
  • Fever or frequent infections
 
 
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